Case Studies: Biophilic Design Success Stories in Healthcare

Views: 0     Author: Site Editor     Publish Time: 2024-06-20      Origin: Site

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In the field of healthcare design, biophilic principles are increasingly being recognized for their ability to improve patient well-being and staff productivity. Biophilic design integrates natural elements into the built environment to create spaces that mimic the natural world, thereby promoting a sense of calm, reducing stress, and promoting healing. This article examines real-world case studies where biophilic design has been successfully implemented in healthcare facilities, demonstrating its positive impact on patient outcomes and staff satisfaction.

Case Study 1 - Changi General Hospital, Singapore


Changi General Hospital (CGH) in Singapore is a prominent example of biophilic design successfully implemented in a healthcare environment. Here are details on how CGH incorporated biophilic elements:

1. Natural light and green spaces: CGH has maximized natural light throughout the facility, including patient rooms, corridors, and common areas. Large windows and skylights are strategically placed to bring in daylight, which not only reduces energy consumption, but also improves the overall ambiance of the hospital.

2. Indoor gardens and water features: The hospital features indoor gardens with lush greenery and soothing water features. These elements are located in key areas such as waiting rooms and therapy areas, providing patients and visitors with spaces that promote relaxation and stress reduction.

3. Integration of Natural Materials: CGH makes extensive use of natural materials in its interior design, including wood accents, stone finishes, and natural textiles. These materials create a warm and welcoming atmosphere while contributing to the biophilic design principles of connecting patients to nature.

4. Healing gardens and outdoor spaces: Externally, CGH features extensive healing gardens and outdoor spaces that provide opportunities for patients and staff to connect with nature. These areas are designed to be therapeutic and provide serene environments for relaxation and recovery.

5. Research and Evidence-Based Design: The implementation of biophilic design at CGH is supported by research and evidence-based practices. Studies conducted within the hospital have shown positive impacts on patient recovery times, reduced stress levels and improved overall well-being.

6. Community and employee engagement: CGH actively engages with the community and staff to ensure that biophilic elements meet their needs and preferences. This collaborative approach has contributed to the success of the hospital's biophilic design, fostering a supportive environment for healing and care.

Changi General Hospital, Singapore

Overall, Changi General Hospital in Singapore serves as a model for how biophilic design can be effectively integrated into healthcare facilities to improve patient outcomes, enhance staff satisfaction, and create healing environments that prioritize holistic well-being.

Case Study 2 - Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, Netherlands


Erasmus MC in Rotterdam, the Netherlands, is known for its innovative approach to healthcare architecture, particularly in the integration of biophilic design principles. Here's how Erasmus MC successfully implemented biophilic elements:

1. Green roofs and atriums: The hospital features extensive green roofs and atriums filled with plants and natural vegetation. These spaces not only provide visual and sensory connections to nature, but also help regulate indoor temperatures and improve air quality throughout the hospital.

2. Optimizing natural light: Erasmus MC emphasizes maximizing natural light penetration into patient rooms, treatment areas, and common spaces. Large windows and skylights are strategically placed to reduce reliance on artificial lighting while creating a more comfortable and inviting atmosphere.

3. Biophilic interior design: Inside the hospital, biophilic design principles are evident through the use of natural materials such as wood, stone, and sustainable textiles. These elements are incorporated into furniture, flooring, and wall finishes to enhance aesthetics and contribute to a calming environment.

4. Healing gardens and outdoor spaces: The hospital includes several healing gardens and outdoor spaces that are accessible to patients, visitors, and staff. These landscaped spaces provide opportunities for relaxation, reflection, and physical activity, supporting the overall well-being of individuals in the healthcare environment.

5. Evidence-based design and research: Erasmus MC integrates evidence-based design principles to evaluate the effectiveness of biophilic elements. Research studies conducted within the hospital assess patient outcomes, staff satisfaction, and environmental impact, providing valuable insights into the benefits of biophilic design in healthcare environments.

6. Patient-Centered Approach: The implementation of biophilic design at Erasmus MC is focused on enhancing the patient experience and promoting healing. Patient rooms are designed to optimize comfort and privacy while incorporating biophilic elements that contribute to a supportive and therapeutic environment.


Erasmus MC exemplifies how biophilic design can be used not only to create aesthetically pleasing healthcare environments, but also to improve health outcomes, enhance staff well-being, and foster a sense of community within the hospital environment. By prioritizing nature-inspired elements in its architecture and design, Erasmus MC sets the standard for sustainable and patient-centered healthcare facilities worldwide.

Key learnings and success factors

Common themes across the case studies

At both Changi General Hospital and Erasmus MC, several common themes contributed to the successful implementation of biophilic design:

- Collaborative approach: Involving stakeholders from multiple disciplines, including healthcare professionals, designers, and architects, ensured that biophilic principles were effectively integrated into the design process.

- Evidence-based design: Using research and data to guide design decisions helped validate the benefits of biophilic elements on patient outcomes and staff well-being.

- Sustainability: Incorporating sustainable practices, such as using locally sourced materials and energy-efficient systems, reinforced a commitment to environmental stewardship while promoting health and wellness.

Measuring success

Both facilities used quantitative and qualitative measures to assess the impact of biophilic design. Patient satisfaction surveys, recovery rates, and staff turnover rates were monitored to gauge the effectiveness of biophilic interventions. These metrics provided valuable insight into the tangible benefits of creating healing environments inspired by nature.

Future Trends and Applications

Emerging Trends in Biophilic Healthcare Design

Looking ahead, the future of biophilic design in healthcare is promising with advancements in technology and sustainable practices. Emerging trends include the integration of biophilic principles into telemedicine and virtual healthcare settings, as well as the use of biophilic-inspired furniture and modular design solutions that support flexible healthcare environments.

Biophilic Design


In conclusion, the case studies of Green Hospital Center and Serenity Healthcare Campus demonstrate the transformative power of biophilic design in healthcare. By incorporating natural elements into their environments, these facilities have not only enhanced patient wellbeing and staff productivity but also set a precedent for future healthcare design. As the healthcare industry continues to prioritize holistic approaches to patient care, biophilic design will play a pivotal role in creating healing spaces that promote health, happiness, and healing.

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